The orbit or eye socket is the cavity that protects the eye and holds all the nerves, blood vessels and muscles necessary for the proper functioning of the eye. Due to its complexity and intricacy, a large number of conditions, such as trauma, inflammations, infections and tumors can affect the orbit and consequently impact on the visual function and facial appearance.
Besides the loss of vision that can sometimes occur with orbital disease, the unnatural look of the eye, the abnormalities in eye position or movement and, sometimes, the complete loss of an eye with the need to ware a prosthesis can have a dramatic impact on one’s appearance. This in turn can affect one’s self confidence, work and social interaction.
Fortunately, the majority of orbital diseases are treatable if diagnosed early. This usually involves, besides the specialized clinical exam, imaging studies, such as CT scan and MRI and, sometimes, an orbital biopsy.